Brief Introduction

The theory group consists of 10 researchers, 4 postdoctoral fellow, 12 doctoral students and 7 master students.

The current research topics of the group cover nuclear physics, particle physics and nuclear astrophysics, including the properties of weakly bound nuclei, the properties of heavy and superheavy nuclei, the properties of nuclear matter and related issues in neutron stars, ab-initio calculations of nuclear structure and reaction, heavy-ion collisions in the CSR and HIAF energy domains, the mass spectrum and structure of hadrons and light nuclei based on nonperturbative light-front quantum field theory, hadron structure, strong-field physics, gauge field theory and angular momentum physics.

Now the group is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences of Chinese Academy of Sciences and so on. 

Research Fields

1. Nuclear structure and nuclear astrophysics 

a) Nuclear structure related to mass measurement 

b) Properties of weakly bound nuclei 

c) Properties of asymmetric nuclear matter and nucleon-nucleon correlations in nuclear many-body systems  

d) Properties of neutron stars and related topics 

2. Heavy-ion collisions  

a) Isospin effect in heavy ion collisions and high-density behavior of nuclear symmetry energy 

b) Sensitive observables of the symmetry energy and its model dependence  in the transport model 

c) Dynamics of nucleus-nucleus collisions and particle productions in the CSR and HIAF energy domains 

d) Heavy quarkonium production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions 

e) Nuclear fusion reaction and multinucleon transfer reaction 

3. Ab-initio approaches and their applications 

a) Ab-initio calculations of nuclear structure and reaction  

b) Mass spectrum and structure of hadrons and light nuclei based on nonperturbative light-front quantum field theory 

c) Development of Ab-initio approaches 

4. Hadron physics  

a) Mass spectrum and structure of the exotic hadrons

b) Structure of light nuclei on the level of quarks and gluons  

5. Strong-field Physics 

a) Nonlinear Compton scattering in strong laser fields

b) Quark-nucleus scattering in a time-dependent light-front Schr?dinger equation approach


1. J. Lan, K. Fu, C. Mondal, X. Zhao, J. P. VaryLight mesons with one dynamical gluon on the light frontPhysics Letters B825, (2022) 136890. 

2. S. Nair, C. Mondal, X. Zhao, A. Mukherjee, J. P. VaryBasis light-front quantization approach to photonPhysics Letters B827, (2022) 137005.   

3. N. Michel, J. G. LiF. R. XuW. Zuo, Proton decays in 16Ne and 18 Mg  and isospin-symmetry breaking in carbon isotopes and isotones, Physics Review C 103 (2021) 044319.  

4. H. H. LiJ. G. LiN. Michel, W. Zuo, Investigation of unbound hydrogen isotopes with the Gamow shell model, Physics Review C 104 (2021)  L061306. 

5. X. L. ShangJ. M. DongW. ZuoP. YinU. Lombardo, Exact solution of the Brueckner-Bethe-Goldstone equation with three-body forces in nuclear matter, Physics Review C 103 (2021) 034316.  

6. X. L. ShangA. Li, Revisiting the Post-glitch Relaxation of the 2000 Vela Glitch with the Neutron Star Equation of States in the Brueckner and Relativistic Brueckner Theories, The Astrophysical Journal 923 (2021) 108.  

7. Y. J. YanX. L. ShangJ. M. DongW. Zuo, Coexistence of isospin I = 0 and I = 1 pairings in asymmetric nuclear matter, Chinese Physics C 45 (2021) 074105. 

8. J. M. DongQ. ZhaoL. J. WangW. ZuoJ. Z. Gu, α-Cluster formation in heavy α-emitters within a multistep model, Physics Letters B 813 (2021) 136063. 

9. G. C. Yong, Z. G. Xiao,Y. Gao, Z. W. Lin, Double strangeness Cascade^- production as a probe of nuclear equation of state at high densities, Physics Letters B 820 (2021) 136521 

10. G. C. Yong, Symmetry energy extracted from the SπRIT pion data in Sn+Sn systems, Physics Review C 104 (2021) 014613. 

11. Y. F. GuoG. C. Yong, Probing the boundary of phase transition of nuclear matter using proton flows in heavy-ion collisions at 2-8 GeV/nucleon, Physics Letters B 815 (2021) 136138. 

12. Z. Z. ZhangY. F. GuoG. C. Yong, Probing in-medium nucleon-nucleon inelastic scattering cross section by using energetic n/p ratio, Physics Review C 103 (2021) 034615. 

13. S. Xu, C. Mondal, J. Lan, X. Zhao, Y. Li, J. P. Vary, Nucleon structure from basis light-front quantization, Phys. Rev. D 104 (2021) 094036. 

14. C. Mondal, S. Nair, S. Jia, X. Zhao, J. P. Vary, Pion to photon transition form factors with basis light-front quantization, Phys. Rev. D 104 (2021) 094034. 

15. W. Du, J. P. Vary, X. Zhao, W. Zuo, Quantum simulation of nuclear inelastic scattering, Phys. Rev. A 104 (2021) 012611. 

16. Z. Hu, S. Xu, C. Mondal, X. Zhao, J. P. Vary, Transverse structure of electron in momentum space in basis light-front quantization, Phys. Rev. D 103 (2021) 036005. 

17. Z. X. Yang, X. H. Fan, P. Yin, and W. Zuo, Taming nucleon density distributions with deep neural network, Physics Letters B823, (2021) 136650. 

18. X. L. ShangP. Wang, J. M. Dong, and W. Zuo, Role of nucleon-nucleon correlation in transport coefficients and gravitational-wave-driven r-mode instability of neutron stars, Physics Letters B811, (2020) 135963. 

19. X. L. ShangA. Li, Z. Q. Miao, G. F. Burgio, H. J. Schulze, Nucleon effective mass in hot dense matter, Phys. Rev. C 101 (2020) 065801. 

20. J. M. Dong and X. L. Shang, Breakdown of the tensor component in the Skyrme energy density functional, Phys. Rev. C 101 (2020) 014305. 

21. N. Miche, J. G. Li, F. R. Xu and W. Zuo, Two-neutron halo structure of 31F, Phys. Rev. C 101 (2020) 031301(R)  

22. Peng-Hui Chen,Fei Niu, Wei Zuo, and Zhao-Qing Feng, Approaching the neutron-rich heavy and superheavy nuclei by multinucleon transfer reactions with radioactive isotopes, Phys. Rev. C101(2020)024610 

23. Jiangshan Lan, Chandan Mondal, Shaoyang Jia, Xingbo Zhao, James P. Vary, Pion and kaon parton distribution functions from basis light front quantization and QCD evolution, Phys. Rev. D 101 (2020) 034024  

24. Jiangshan Lan, Chandan Mondal, Shaoyang Jia, Xingbo Zhao, James P. Vary, Parton Distribution Functions from a Light Front Hamiltonian and QCD Evolution for Light Mesons, Phys. Rev. Lett 122 (2019) 172001 

25. Alexander J. Silenko, Pengming Zhang, Liping Zou, Electric Quadrupole Moment and the Tensor Magnetic Polarizability of Twisted Electrons and a Potential for their Measurements, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122 no.6, (2019) 063201.  

26. Alexander J. Silenko, Pengming Zhang, Liping Zou, Silenko, Zhang, and Zou Reply, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122 no.15, (2019) 159302. 

27. Alexander J. Silenko, Pengming Zhang, Liping Zou, Relativistic quantum-mechanical description of twisted paraxial electron and photon beams, Phys. Rev. A 100 (2019) 030101 (R).  

28. Xiao-Hua Fan,  Gao-Chan Yong*, and Wei Zuo, Probing nuclear bubble configurations by proton-induced reactions, Phys. Rev. C 99, (2019) 041601(R). 

29. Xiao-Hua Fan, Xin-le Shang*, Jian-min Dong, Wei Zuo, Neutron-proton pairing in nuclear matter, Phys. Rev. C 99 (2019) 065804  

30. Zu-Xing Yang, Xin-le Shang*, Gao-Chang Yong, Wei Zuo, Yuan Gao, Nucleon momentum distributions in asymmetric nuclear matter, Phys. Rev. C 100 (2019) 054325   

31. J. M. Dong, J. Z. Gu, Y. H. Zhang, W. Zuo, L. J. Wang, Yu. A. Litvinov, and Y. Sun, Beyond Wigner’s Isobaric Multiplet Mass Equation: Effect of Charge-Symmetry-Breaking Interaction and Coulomb Polarization,  Phys. Rev. C 99 (2019) 014319.  

32. N. Miche, J. G. Li, F. R. Xu and W. Zuo, Description of proton-rich nuclei in the A 20 region within the Gamow shell model, Phys. Rev. C 100 (2019) 064303 

33. J. G. Li, N. Miche, B. S. Hu, W. Zuo and F. R. Xu, Ab initio no-core Gamow shell-model calculations of multineutron systems, Phys. Rev. C 100 (2019) 054313 

34. Sergei P. Maydanyuk, Peng-Ming Zhang, Li-Ping Zou, Nucleon microscopy in proton-nucleus scattering via analysis of bremsstrahlung emission, Phys. Rev. C 99 (2019) 064602. 

35. Liping Zou, Hans Günter Dosch , Guy F. De Téramond , Stanley J. Brodsky, Isoscalar mesons and exotic states in light front holographic QCD, Phys. Rev. D 99 (2019) 114024.  

36. Biaogang Wu, Baoyi Chen, Xingbo Zhao, Effect of Strong Electric Field on the Evolution of Charmonium in Quark Gluon Plasma, Nucl. Phys. Rev 36 no. 3 278 (2019)  

37. Alexander J. Silenko, Pengming Zhang, Liping Zou, Relativistic quantum dynamics of twisted electron beams in arbitrary electric and magnetic fields, Phys. Rev. Lett. 121 (2018) 043202 

38. J. M. Dong, L. J. Wang, and W. Zuo, Neutron Star Cooling with a Dynamic Stellar Structure,  ApJ 862 (2018) 67 

39. Gao-Chan Yong, Blind spots of probing the high-density symmetry energy in heavy-ion collisions, Physics Letters B786, (2018) 422-425 

40. Gao-Chan Yong, Probing proton transition momentum in neutron-rich matter, Physics Letters B776, (2018) 447-450. 

41. J. M. Dong, Y. H. Zhang, W. Zuo, J. Z. Gu, L. J. Wang, and Y. Sun, Generalized isobaric multiplet mass equation and its application to the Nolen-Schiffer anomaly,  Phys. Rev. C 97 (2018) 021301(R) 

42. Weijie Du, Peng Yin, Yang Li, Guangyao Chen, Wei Zuo, Xingbo Zhao, James P. Vary, Coulomb excitation of the deuteron in peripheral collisions with a heavy ion, Phys. Rev. C 97 (2018) 064620   

43. Xiao-Hua Fan, Gao-Chan Yong* and Wei Zuo, Probing the density dependence of the symmetry energy by nucleon flow, Phys. Rev. C 97 (2018) 034604 

44. Yuan Gao,* Gao-Chan Yong, Lei Zhang, and Wei Zuo, Influence of the nuclear symmetry energy on the collective flows of charged pions, Phys. Rev. C 97 (2018) 014609 

45. J. M. Dong, L. J. Wang*, W. Zuo, and J. Z. Gu, Constraints on Coulomb energy, neutron skin thickness in 208Pb, and symmetry energy, Phys. Rev. C 97 (2018) 034318 

46. Zu-Xing Yang, Xiao-Hua Fan, Gao-Chan Yong*, and Wei Zuo, Effects of the initialization of nucleon momentum in heavy-ion collisions at medium energies, Phys. Rev. C 98 (2018) 014623 

47. Sergei P. Maydanyuk, Peng-Ming Zhang, Li-Ping Zou, Manifestation of the important role of nuclear forces in the emission of photons in pion scattering off nuclei, Phys. Rev. C 98 (2018) 054613 

48. Pengming Zhang, Li-Ping Zou, Y.M. Cho, Abelian Decomposition and Glueball-Quarkonium Mixing in QCD, Phys. Rev. D98 (2018) 096015 49.

49. Pei Wang, Peng Yin, Xinle Shang, Wei Zuo, Proton spectral functions infinite nucleus based on the extended BHF approach, Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics 45, (2018) 105102. 

50. Alexander J. Silenko, Pengming Zhang, Liping Zou, Manipulating Twisted Electron Beams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 119 no.24, (2017) 243903.  

51. Gao-Chan Yong, Constraining nucleon high momentum in nuclei, Physics Letters B765, (2017) 104-108. 

52. Guangyao Chen, Xingbo Zhao, Yang Li, Kirill Tuchin, James P. Vary, Particle distribution in intense fields in a light-front Hamiltonian approach, Phys. Rev. D 95 (2017) 096012  

53. Chandan Mondal, Dipankar Chakrabarti, Xingbo Zhao, Deuteron transverse densities in holographic QCD, Eur. Phys. J. A53 (2017) no 5, 106 

54. Peng Yin, Jianmin Dong, Wei Zuo, Effect of tensor correlations on the depletion of nuclear Fermi sea within the extended BHF approach, Chinese Physics C 41, (2017) 114102 

55. J. M. Dong, U. Lombardo, H. F. Zhang, and W. ZuoRole of nucleonic Fermi surface depletion in neutron star cooling,  ApJ 817 (2016) 6. 

56. Yang Li, Pieter Maris, Xingbo Zhao, James P. Vary, Heavy Quarkonium in a Holographic Basis, Phys. Lett. B 758 (2016) 118 

57. Lekha Adhikari, Y. Li, X. Zhao, P. Maris, J. P. Vary, Form factors and generalized parton distributions in basis light-front quantization, Phys. Rev. C 93 (2016) 055202  

58. A. Li, J. N. Hu, X. L. Shang, and W. Zuo, Nonrelativistic nucleon effective masses in nuclear matter: Brueckner-Hartree-Fock model versus relativistic Hartree-Fock model, Phys. Rev. C 93 (2016) 015803 

59. JianMin Dong*, Wei Zuo, JianZhong Gu, and XinLe Shang, Stellar structure of magnetars, SCIENCE CHINA: Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy 59 (2016) 642003 

60. Wen-Mei Guo, Gao-Chan Yong,* and Wei Zuo, Effect of Δ potential on the π?/π+ ratio in heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies, Phys. Rev. C 92 (2015) 054619 

61. Wen-Mei Guo, Gao-Chan Yong,* Hang Liu, and Wei Zuo, Effects of pion potential and nuclear symmetry energy on the π?/π+ ratio in heavy-ion collisions at beam energies around the pion production threshold, Phys. Rev. C 91 (2015) 054616 

62. A. Li,* W. Zuo, and G. X. Peng, Massive hybrid stars with a first-order phase transition, Phys. Rev. C 91 (2015) 035803 

63. Xin-le Shang, Pei Wang, Peng Yin, and Wei Zuo, FFLO state with angle-dependent gap in asymmetric nuclear matter, Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics 42(5), (2015) 055105. 

64. Wen-Mei Guo, Gao-Chan Yong*, Yongjia Wang, Qingfeng Li, Hongfei Zhang, Wei Zuo, Normal or abnormal isospin-fractionation as a qualitative probe of nuclear symmetry energy at supradensities, Physics Letters B738, (2014) 397-400. 

65. Wen-Mei Guo, Gao-Chan Yong,* and Wei Zuo, Effects of nuclear symmetry energy and in-medium NN cross section in heavy-ion collisions at beam energies below the pion production threshold, Phys. Rev. C 90 (2014) 044605 

66. Pei Wang and Wei Zuo, Three-body force effect on the neutron and proton spectral functions in asymmetric nuclear matter, Phys. Rev. C 89 (2014) 054319 

67. J. M. Dong, W. Zuo, P. Yin, and J. Z. Gu, Comment on ‘New Mass Limit for White Dwarfs: Super-Chandrasekhar Type Ia Supernova as a New Standard Candle’, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112 (2014) 039001   

68. J. N. Hu, A. Li,* H. Toki, and W. Zuo, Extended quark mean-field model for neutron stars, Phys. Rev. C 89 (2014) 025802  

69. Xiaohua Fan, Jianmin Dong,* and Wei Zuo, Density-dependent symmetry energy at subsaturation densities from nuclear mass differences, Phys. Rev. C 89 (2014) 017305.

70. Wei Zuo, Ignazio Bombaci, and Umberto Lombardo, Three-body force effect on nuclear symmetry energy and single-particle properties of asymmetric nuclear matter, Eur. Phys. J. A 50 (2014) 12 (Review)  

71. Peng Yin, Jian-Yang Li, Pei Wang, and Wei Zuo, Three-body force effect on nucleon momentum distributions in asymmetric nuclear matter within the framework of the extended Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approach, Phys. Rev. C 87 (2013) 014314.

72. Pei Wang, Sheng-Xin Gan, Peng Yin, and Wei Zuo, Three-body force effect on off-shell mass operator and spectral functions in nuclear matter, Phys. Rev. C 87 (2013) 014328   

73. Jianmin Dong, Wei Zuo, and Jianzhong Gu, Origin of symmetry energy in finite nuclei and density dependence of nuclear matter symmetry energy from measured α-decay energies,Phys. Rev. C 87 (2013) 014303 

74. Jianmin Dong, Wei Zuo, and Jianzhong Gu, Magnetization of neutron star matter, Phys. Rev. D 87 (2013) 103010 

75. Xinle Shang and Wei Zuo, Angle-dependent gap in asymmetric nuclear matter, Phys. Rev. C 88 (2013) 025806 

76. Jianmin Dong, Umberto Lombardo, Wei Zuo, Hongfei Zhang, Dense nuclear matter and symmetry energy in strong magnetic fields, Nucl. Phys. A 898 (2013) 32-42 

77. J. M. Dong, U. Lombardo, and W. Zuo, 3PF2 pairing in high-density neutron matterPhys. Rev. C 87 (2013) 062801(R). 

78. Jian-Min Dong, Wei Zuo, Jian-Zhong Gu and U. Lombardo, Density dependence of the nuclear symmetry energy constrained by mean-field calculations, Phys. Rev. C 85 (2012) 034308  

79. Yang Liu, Gao-Chan Yong, Wei Zuo Effects of the magnetic field on the spallation reaction implemented by BUU coupled with a phase-space coalescence afterburner, EPL99 (2012)42001.    

80. Gao-Chan Yong, Xurong Chen, Hu-Shan Xu, Wei Zuo, Pion productions by proton and Helium-3 on Au197 target at beam energies of 2.8, 5, 10 and 16.587 GeV/nucleon, Phys.Rev. C85 (2012) 024911 

81. Dong Jian-Min, Zuo Wei, and W. Scheid, Correlation between alpha-Decay Energies of Superheavy Nuclei Involving the Effects of Symmetry Energy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 (2011) 012501 

82. Dong Jian-Min, Zuo Wei, H.F. Zhang, W. Scheid, J.Z. Gue, Y.Z. Wang, Correlation between muonic levels and nuclear structure in muonic atoms, Phys. Lett. B 704 (2011) 600–603   

83. Gao-Chan Yong, Wei Zuo and Xun-Chao Zhang, A direct probe of in-medium pn cross section,  Phys. Lett. B 705 (2011) 240  

84. Gao-Chan Yong,  Nuclear collision in strong magnetic field, Phys. Lett. B 700 (2011) 249    

85. J. M. Dong, W. Zuo, J. Z. Gu, Y. Z. Wang, Li-Gang Cao, and X. Z. Zhang,  Effects of tensor interaction on pseudospin energy splitting and shell correction, Phys. Rev. C 84 (2011) 014303.   

86. Gao-Chan Yong, Nuclear symmetry energy and the proton-rich reactions at intermediate energies, Phys. Rev. C 84 (2011) 014607   

87. Gao-Chan Yong, Yuan, Gao, Wei Zuo, Xun-Chao Zhang, Initialization effect in heavy-ion collision at intermediate energies, Phys. Rev. C 84 (2011) 034609  

88. Dong Jian-Min, Zuo Wei, and W. Scheid, New approach for alpha decay half-lives of superheavy nuclei and applicability of WKB approximation, Nucl. Phys. A 861 (2011) 1  

89. W. Zuo, U. Lombardo, H.-J. Schulze, Z. H. Li, Three-body force rearrangement effect on single particle properties in neutron-rich nuclear matter, Phys. Rev. C 74 (2006) 014317 

90. W. Zuo, L. G. Cao, B. A. Li, U. Lombardo, C. W. Shen, Isospin splitting of the nucleon mean field , Phys. Rev. C 72 (2005) 014005 

91. H. F. Zhang, J. Q. Li, W. Zuo, Z. Y. Ma, B. Q. Chen, and Soojae Im, Properties of the superheavy element 287115 and its decay, Phys. Rev. C 71 (2005)054312  

92. W. Zuo, Z.H.Li, G.C.Lu, J.Q.Li, W.Scheid, U.Lombardo, H.-J.Schulze, C.W.Shen, proton and neutron superfluidity in  -stable neutron star matter,  Phys. Lett. B 595 (2004)44. 

93. W. Zuo, A. Li, Z. H. Li, U. Lombardo, Nuclear Three-body Force Effect on a Kaon Condensate in Neutron Star Matter,  Phys. Rev. C 70 (2004) 055802.   

94. Zuo Wei, A. Lejeune, U. Lombardo and J. -F. Mathiot, Microscopic Three-Body Force for Asymmetric Nuclear Matter, Eur. Phys. J.A 14 (2002) 469-475.   

95. Zuo Wei, A. Lejeune, U. Lombardo and J. -F. Mathiot, Interplay of Three-body Interactions in the EOS of Nuclear Matter, Nucl Phys. A 706 (2002)418-430.   

96. Zuo Wei, I. Bombaci and U. Lombardo, Asymmetric Nuclear Matter from Extended Brueckner-Hartree-Fock Aprroach, Phys. Rev. C 60 (1999)(2) 024605 



Dr. SHANG Xinle 

Tel: 86-931-4969795 


Mailing Address: 509 Nanchang Rd., Lanzhou, China, 730000